Baltimore Recruiting Battalion   Springfield, VA   Full-time     Other
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Posted on November 15, 2020

Special Forces Candidate (18X)

  • Enlisted
  • Officer
  • Active Duty
  • Army Reserve
  • National Guard
  • Entry Level


Special Forces candidates are given the opportunity to become a member of one of the most highly skilled combat forces in the world. They must complete and endure the extensive mental/physical training in order to join the Army elite.

Job Duties

There are four entry-level Special Forces Military Occupational Specialties. Your specialty will be decided on your background, aptitude and the needs of the Army:

  • Special Forces weapons sergeants: capable of using a wide variety of light/heavy infantry weapons and tactics
  • Special Forces engineer sergeants: specialists in a wide range of disciplines such as construction, demolition and Logistical operations
  • Special Forces medical sergeants: considered to be the finest first-response/trauma medical technicians in the world
  • Special Forces communications sergeants: operate every kind of communications gear, from encrypted satellite communications systems to UHF/VFH system.




Those who want to serve must first take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, a series of tests that helps you better understand your strengths and identify which Army jobs are best for you.

  • Clean record.
  • U.S. Citizen or Permanent Resident.
  • Driver's License.
  • No serious medical issues to include asthma.


Special Forces candidates attend Infantry One Station Unit Training, which combines Army Basic Combat Training and Advanced Individual Training in a 22-week course.

Upon graduation, Special Forces Candidates will attend Airborne Training, followed by a 4-week Special Forces Preparation Course and the Special Forces Assessment and Selection program. This program allows Special Forces an opportunity to assess each Soldier’s capabilities by testing his physical, emotional and mental stamina.

If the recruit passes, he moves on to the Special Forces Qualification Course to develop the necessary skills of a Special Forces Soldier. The course is currently divided into the following:

  • Individual Skills Development: 14 weeks of training in common skills, land navigation, tactics, MOS Qualification, and the Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE) course
  • Skills Application and Collective Training: 11 weeks of training in Special Operations, Direct Action, Isolation, Air Operations and Unconventional Warfare classes culminating in the arduous Robin Sage exercise
  • Language and Cultural Training: 24 weeks of classroom and practice exercises designed to educate the Special Forces Soldier
  • Military Free Fall (MFF) School: 4 weeks of training at the infamous Yuma Proving Grounds, Arizona to qualify Special Forces Soldiers as MFF Parachutists

*Language Training: Languages are assigned in relation to the scores from the Defense Language Aptitude Battery test

Other areas include:

  • Language Training: Languages are assigned in relation to the scores from the Defense Language Aptitude Battery test
  • Survival Training: The survival, evasion, resistance and escape course

Helpful Skills

  • Ability to work as a team member
  • Readiness to accept a challenge and face danger
  • Ability to stay in top physical condition
  • Interest in weapons and artillery
  • Ability to remain calm in stressful situations

Required ASVAB Score(s)

Combat (CO): 87